#6: Safeguard Your Privacy

We’re being tracked by everyone and everything, and in most cases through our most intimate possession: our phones. You may not realize it, but many apps have too much access to your personal information. Why? Your data is an asset for these companies; they can sell it, use it to sell to you, or abuse it if they are cybercriminals.

Here is how to find out who is monitoring you with tips to secure the information on your phone.

Step 1 -  Find Out Which Apps Have Access To Your Information

iPhone Go to -> Settings -> Privacy -> App Privacy Report and Turn it On

Once this is turned on, your iPhone will start gathering information as you use your device. It will show you which apps have access to your location, photo album, contacts, microphone and more. It will also show you what third-party services, domains, apps and websites you visit that are collecting or sharing information about you.

iphone-privacy-report

Step 2 - Limit These Apps From Collecting Your Data

Start with your Camera Roll:

This is very important because if you use your phone to snap pictures of sensitive documents, say your driver’s license or COVID vaccination card, and unbeknownst given apps access your photo album, they will now have access to these documents, too.

iPhone users keep reading. Android user? Skip down.

Go to Settings -> Privacy - > Photos -> Check which apps have access to your photo album -> Toggle ON or OFF the access

iPhone Settings Privacy Photos

Now do the same for Contacts, Calendar, Microphone, and Camera

Go back to Settings -> Privacy -> and go into Contacts, Calendar, Microphone and Camera and Toggle ON or OFF the access.

 

iphone-settings-privacy

 

 

Android

Settings - > Privacy - > Permission Manager - > Files & Media - > Check which apps have access to your Files & Media > Toggle Allow or Don't Allow

Privacy Files

Now do the same for Contacts, Calendar, Microphone, and Camera

Go back to Settings -> Privacy -> Permission Manager - > and go into Contacts, Calendar, Microphone and Camera - > Toggle ON or OFF the access.

Privacy Files (1)-1

Yes, this will take a bit of time, but totally worth it! Go back and check these settings once in a while, because you may have granted access and forgot to turn it off.

Step 3 - Get Rid Of Tracking Our Daily Route

Your smartphone will use significant locations to keep track of places that you have recently been as well as how often and when you visited them to learn about places that are frequented by you. It will map your daily route so that anyone who has access to your phone will be able to view everywhere you’ve been as far back as a few years. 

iPhone users keep reading. Android user? Click here to skip down.

iPhone - To limit that info go to Settings -> Privacy -> Location Services -> System Services -> Turn Off Significant Locations

Settings-Privacy-Location Services System Services Significant Locations

 

 

Android -  To limit Location tracking go to Settings -> Location -> Location Services - > Google Location History where you can turn off Google's tracking of you. Note: You may also do this within your Google account settings directly.

Google Location History

 

Step 4 - Disable Individual Apps From Tracking You

Some apps may need to know where you are, like Google Maps and that may make sense for you, however, for other apps, it may not make sense. So how do you know which app is tracking you? It's easy. 

iPhone users keep reading. Android users, you know the drill.

Go to Settings -> Privacy -> Location Services -> App -> Choose which Location Access you allow

iPhone Settings Privacy Location Services App

Another useful setting that you may want to enable, is that status bar icon that will notify you when an app or a service is tracking your location. This icon will be displayed next to the time at the top left of your screen.  

  • A hollow arrow indicates that an item may receive your location under certain circumstances 
  • A purple arrow indicates that an item has recently used your location
  • A gray arrow indicates that an item has used your location in the last 24 hours
  • Here is how to enable it:

Go to Settings -> Privacy -> Location Services -> System Services -> Turn On Status Bar icon

Privacy Location Services System Services Status Bar icon

 

 

Android -To limit Location Tracking by app, go to Settings -> Location -> App Permissions -> (Set Permission Level for each app)

lOCATION TRACKING

 

Step 5 - Disable Apps From Tracking You Even When You Are Not Using Them

If application tracking is turned on it will allow apps to track you even when you are not using them. For example, while you are browsing other websites or using other apps. Apps want this access to learn more about your overall online behavior, but why would we want them to do that? So, let's turn it off!

 Go to Settings -> Privacy -> Tracking -> Turn Off

Note: For Android users, these options are presented at the time of setting permissions for each app as you have already seen in the previous steps.

Settings Privacy Tracking

 

Step 6 - Find Out If You Are Sharing Your Location With Friends 

Your phone allows you to share your location with family and friends. This is a great feature if you want them to see where you’re going and make sure you’re safe. But you might not want them to always have that access, and for several reasons, like if you have an abusive partner.

iPhone read below - Android users, jump on down.

Go to Settings -> Your Name (top) -> Find My -> Share My Location

Find My Share My Location

 

 

Android - This info may be found in Google settings by going to Location - > Location Services - > Google Location Sharing - > (Select Account) - > If you are sharing your location you can toggle on or off to who you want to have access.

Google Location Sharing

 

Step 7 - Cut Ties With An Abusive Partner Or Stalker

Please note: In situations of domestic violence where you suspect a partner may be monitoring your device, please consult with a domestic violence hotline (1.800.799.7233) to develop a safety plan before enabling the below feature as the abusive partner may lash out when tracking is interrupted.

In addition to revoking access to your location, Safety Check is a new iOS16 privacy setting that can be useful for those who want to cut ties with an abusive partner or someone stalking them. Many couples know each other's phone passwords, so it's not hard for an abusive partner to secretly configure your device or install spyware to track you without your knowledge. They will be able to know your location, who you communicate with, what you say, and much more. The Safety Check makes it easier to control what information people and apps have access to, including apps like Find My Friends, location, data, contacts, and more. You can also use the Emergency Reset feature, which immediately resets access for all people and apps at once across devices synced with your iCloud account. It also allows you to reset privacy permissions and limit messaging to only the device in their physical possession.

iOS16 Privacy Tool

Find more guidance on tech stalking at techsafetyapp.org.

Step 8 - What If YOU Lose Your Phone Or Someone Steals It?

If someone steals your phone, they will want to take your phone offline so that you can’t find it using the Find My Phone feature. They can do this simply by turning your phone off. However, the moment they turn it back on, it will connect to the internet and ping you its location. In order to disable going offline without turning it off, they will swipe down to view the Control Center on your phone while it's locked and disable the WiFi and mobile reception. Once they do this, you will not be able to find it at all. This is why it's important to disable the Control Center while your phone is locked.

iPhone users follow the below. Android skip ahead here.

Go to Settings -> “Face ID & Passcode” or “Touch ID & Passcode” ->  Turn Off "Control Center"

iPhone Control Center

 

 

Android

Android users need to enable the Lock Network and Security - this prevents Wi-Fi and mobile data from being turned off when your phone is locked.

Settings - > Lock screen - > Secure lock settings - > (Enter PIN) - > Lock network and security - > Toggle ON

Lock Network Security

 

Step 9 - Let’s Stop Spammers

Spam No More 🤞 Instead of signing up with your regular email, iOS 15 now gives you the option to use a “Random” email (aka “Hidden Email”) instead. Anytime you use that “random” email, Apple will forward it to your regular email. If they start spamming you, got breached, or sold your info, you can just deactivate the “Hidden email” and they will never know your actual email. 

How do you enable this new feature?

Go to Setting -> Click On your Name at the TOP -> iCloud -> Hide My Email -> And follow the directions.

Note: Currently, Android does not offer this feature. However, you can check out a similar service via Firefox Relay from Mozilla.

Step 10 - Set Up A Password On Your Smartphone

This doesn't require a guide... if your phone doesn't have a password, create one ASAP!